Wheeler, General Raymond Albert

Wheeler, General Raymond Albert

Male 1885 - 1974

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  • Prefix  General 
    Born  31 Jul 1885  Peoria, Peoria, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hollis Township
    Gender  Male 
    Residence  1900  Richwoods, Peoria, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1920  Newport, Newport, Rhode Island Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1930  Balboa Heights, Balboa District, Panama Canal Zone Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Arrival  10 Sep 1930  New York City, New York, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1936  Rock Island, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1 Apr 1940  District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Departure  31 Aug 1941  Cristobal, Canal Zone, Panama Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Arrival  6 Sep 1941  New York City, New York, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    MILI  Raymond Albert Wheeler
    Lieutenant General, United States Army

    Born in 1885, he was a 1911 graduate of West Point.
    In 1941, when the War Department sought "an officer of broad engineering experience" to establish a military mission to Iran, the task was given to him. He was a Colonel at the time and an Acting Chief of Staff. He was a veteran construction engineer and specialist in rail and highway matters, he had served as Acting Governor of the Panama Canal Zone. It was the purpose of the new mission to develop supply facilities to support both British and Russian efforts.
    After the U.S. entered World War II, he was appointed in February 1942 as Commander of Services and Supply for U.S. forces in China, Burma and India, while retaining for the time his responsibilities in Iran. In Autumn 1943, he was appointed to the Southeast Asia Command on the staff of Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, where he served as principal administrative officer and, from February 1944, as Deputy Supreme Commander. He was promoted to Brigadier General in 1941 on attaining the Iran command, and in 1944 was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General, his highest. In June 1945, he became Commanding General of the India-Burma Theater of Operations. Know as "Speck" he was a highly competent officer who capabilities were put to the test in extremely demanding circumstances.
    After the war, he served as Chief of Army Engineers and directed the clearing of the Suez Canal following the 1956 Siani Campaign.
    He died at the Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington on February 9, 1974 and was buried in Section 30 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Olive Keithley Wheeler (1886-1954), is buried with him.
    Courtesy of the United States Army
    Lieutenant General Raymond A. Wheeler
    Chief of Engineers (October 4, 1945-February 28, 1949)
       Born July 31, 1885, in Peoria, Illinois, Raymond Wheeler graduated fifth in the Military Academy class of 1911 and was commissioned in the Corps of Engineers. 
    He served with the Veracruz Expedition in 1914 and went to France with the divisional 4th Engineers in 1918. He was awarded a Silver Star for actions in the Aisne-Marne campaign and by the end of World War I had assumed command of his regiment with the rank of colonel. 
    Between the two world wars he served as district engineer in Newport, Rhode Island; Wilmington, North Carolina; and Rock Island, Illinois. In September 1941 he was appointed chief of the U.S. Military Iranian Mission and in February 1942 was transferred to the China-Burma-India Theater as Commanding General of the Services of Supply. 
    In October 1943 he was assigned to Lord Mountbatten's Southeast Asia Command as principal administrative officer and Deputy Supreme Commander. Before the end of World War II, he became Commander of the India-Burma Theater. He represented the United States at the Japanese surrender in Singapore. 
    As Chief of Engineers, Wheeler initiated construction of the Missouri River dams projected in the Pick-Sloan Plan. After his military retirement, he worked for the United Nations and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development on Asian and African development projects. He oversaw the clearing of the Suez Canal in 1956-57. 
    He died February 8, 1974, in Washington, D.C. 
    Wheeler's U.S.  Army decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters and the Legion of Merit. He was also made an honorary knight of the British Empire. 
    Residence  6 Sep 1941  District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Munitions Building
    Occupation  1942-1945  China, Burma, India Theater Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • WWII, Deputy Supreme Commander of the Southeast Asia Command under Lord Mountbatten of the British Navy from 1943 until 1945. He became the Commander of the India-Burma Theater in 1945
    Occupation  1945-1949  District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Chief of Engineers, Washington, D.C.
    Occupation  1956-1957 
    • Oversaw clearing of the Suez Canal
    _UID  296FF41F24604C7FBA7A175B5B3337016626 
    Died  9 Feb 1974  District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Aft 9 Feb 1974  Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    Person ID  I2541  Keith and Kay's
    Last Modified  8 Feb 2013 

    Father  Wheeler, Stephen A,   b. Dec 1857, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Wheeler, Margaret,   b. Jan 1862, Illinois, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID  0945D5EC8AEB44649DC48952E29A3895B169 
    Family ID  F6964  Group Sheet

    Family  Keithley, Olive May,   b. 1 May 1886, Richwoods, Peoria, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Aug 1954, Virginia, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  29 Jun 1912  Peoria, Peoria, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID  7B473466F30A43D8910F8AF47D33E2CBEFF4 
    Children 
    >1. Wheeler, Margaret 'Peggy' Irene,   b. 6 Oct 1913, Peoria, Peoria, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F1152  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1 Apr 1940 - District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 6 Sep 1941 - District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1945-1949 - District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 9 Feb 1974 - District of Columbia (Washington, DC) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Aft 9 Feb 1974 - Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington, Virginia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Wheeler-Raymond-A
    Wheeler-Raymond-A

  • Sources 
    1. [S499] Arlington National Cemetery.


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