Dunaway, Jane English

Female 1879 - 1970


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  • Born  17 Jan 1879  Cedar County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender  Female 
    Residence  1880  Cedar County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Graduation  Abt 1896  El Dorado Springs, Cedar, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • “attended the Teacher’s Training School and taught for 4 years to ‘secure funds with which to start her medical education.”
    Residence  1900  Washington, Cedar, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Living with her parents, working as a teacher
    Residence  1903  Columbia, Boone, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Graduation  1905  Columbia, Boone, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  Abt 1906  Noble, Cleveland, Oklahoma Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • page 78 “upon graduation, Dr. Dunaway passed the Medical Board requirements in both Missouri and Oklahoma. After three years of practice in Noble, Oklahoma, the intrepid young woman sailed to Puerto Rico, to accept a position at Presbyterian Hospital in San Juan.”
    Residence  1909  San Juan, Puerto Rico Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1910  Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Presbyterian Hospital
    Departure  7 Dec 1910  San Juan, Puerto Rico Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • It indicates that Jane Dunaway entered Puerto Rico in 1909.
    Arrival  12 Dec 1910  New York City, New York, New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Adopted  Mar 1913  Puerto Rico Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence  1918  El Dorado Springs, Cedar, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Worked in practice with her brother, LT
    Residence  1920  Stanchfield, Isanti, Minnesota Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • she was head of household and her cousin Etta M. Allder and adopted son, Daniel Carlson were living with her.
    Residence  1928  Warren, Conewango, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • “She became a member of the staff at Warren State Hospital where she remained for a fruitful fifteen years. Following this were two years of private practice in Warren, Pennsylvania; seven years at Mercer Sanitarium, Mercer, Pennsylvania; one and a half of private practice in Slippery Rock, Pennsylvania and for the past four and a half years she has served as Associate Resident Pschiatrist at The Overlook Sanitorium in New Willimington, Pennsylvania. In between she has done private practice in Butler, with the Dunaway-Koch Nursing Home.”
    Residence  1930  Conewango, Warren, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • living at Warren State Hospital (Dan Carlson not with her)
    Residence  1959  United States of America Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID  2FEE9236C26340EC8F94E8E94758F22DE877 
    Died  6 Jun 1970  Bloomington, Monroe, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • last residence
    Notes 
    • http://boards.ancestry.com/topics.obits/29808/mb.ashx?pnt=1Obit: Dr. Jane Dunaway
      cantorjoeocho (View posts) Posted: 25 Jul 2005 8:50PM GMT
      Classification: Obituary
      Surnames: Dnaway,Allder,
      STOCKTON- MO --Anti-depressant drugs, self-help books, radio and television psychologists and any of a long list of solutions for phobias, depression or other mental issues abound in the world today. However when modern medicine was young, little was known about psychiatry.

      Dr. Sigmund Freud revolutionized the idea of treating disorders of the mind with his writings in the late 1800s and early 1900s, and slowly the concept gained acceptance until psychology and psychiatric treatment is accepted and no longer stigmatized today.

      True psychologists begin their education in the field of medicine and later begin their practice in the field of treating mental disorders. Such was the case of Cedar County , MO native and physician Jane English Dunaway, or Dr. Jane as she was known to her many patients and friends.

      Dr. Jane was born in 1879 at the family home near Caplinger Mills and was the eighth of 14 children born to William Franklin and Lucy Jane (Allder) Dunaway.

      She attended rural school near Stockton and earned a teaching certificate at Miller Academy in El Dorado Springs., MO She returned to Cedar County's rural school to teach four years to earn money for medical school.

      The Dunaway children included three doctors - Dr. Jane, Dr. Louis Tarwater Dunaway who practiced for many years in El Dorado Springs and Cedar County, MO and Dr. Whig Frank Dunaway who was a veterinarian and practiced mostly in Oklahoma.

      Dr. Jane was one of eight to graduate from the University of Missouri School of Medicine in 1905 - the only woman in the class and only the second woman to graduate from the school. She passed medical board examinations in Missouri, Colorado and Oklahoma and practiced medicine from the time of graduation until retiring in 1960 at the age of 81.

      After graduating from medical school, Dr. Jane practiced general medicine for a time in Stockton, Oklahoma and Colorado before moving to El Dorado Springs in 1915 to join a practice with her brother Dr. Louis T. Dunaway. This partnership lasted through the 1918 influenza epidemic into the early 1920s.

      Dr. Jane also spent five years in Puerto Rico, two of them as a doctor at Presbyterian Mission Hospital in San Juan and three years at a private mission clinic of her own at Isabella. She also was a staff member of the first Puerto Rican Board of Sanitation.

      In Puerto Rico, she became known as "Doctora."

      After returning from Puerto Rico, Dr. Jane became a member of the staff at State Hospital No. 2 in St. Joseph,MO and from 1928 through her retirement in 1960 worked in mental facilities in Ohio and Pennsylvania.

      How it all began

      During each of her general practice positions, Dr. Jane administered to the mental well-being of her patients as well as the physical. In a 1964 book, "Letters from Doctor Jane," she explained while practicing medicine in El Dorado Springs she often encountered cases not physical in nature, but mental disorders - or physical disorders that seemed to be mental illnesses.

      In her book, Dr. Jane published letters to her nephew Stephen, who was considering medical school. She gave informal case histories and wrote, "The purpose of these stories is to try, just try, to lead a few people to understand what a very thin line there is between the emotionally disturbed, who seek help, and the remainder of us average - who wants to be average anyway? - erratic, eccentric, bigoted, biased, superstitious persons who are dependent upon alcohol, tobacco, tranquilizers or other people and who need help but are too arrogant to recognize the fact. The people with whom I've been dealing are just people, usually original, individualistic, never boring, sometimes charming or entertaining and always interesting."

      Dr. Jane began her career in mental institutions in a rather abnormal way. Having worked as a general practitioner for the entirety of her career, she writes she received a call in March 1922 who asked if she would be interested in a position in a state hospital.

      Dr. Jane recalled her initial feeling was one of revulsion - to be shut in with insane people wouldn't do at all. However, the acquaintance would not accept a no answer to the job offer until the doctor had at least visited the hospital. She finally gave in and met for the interview.

      Even in the 1920s, care for the mentally diseased was undergoing rapid changes. Dr. Jane said what she found upon visiting the hospital were immaculate wards with polished floors, well-kept and quiet patients and orderly conduct - not the howling-mad of an asylum.

      The state hospital included a hydrotherapy department (for water therapy, which was common at the time), occupational therapy (which was so new it was almost unheard of in the 1920s) and a new method of recording the patient's condition. Gone was the old-fashioned way of doing things, such as putting the patient's name in a log book and putting them in a ward or cell and never recording condition or progress. Dr. Jane said now there were regular meetings with patients and meetings of staff to determine the status of each patient.

      Dr. Jane also discussed a new method of treatment that came into being in the late 1930s and early 1940s and remained in use through much of the 1970s - electric convulsive therapy, or shock treatment. The doctor examined the virtues of shock treatments to calm a patient and to help restore the patient to his or her former self.

      Move over, Dr. Phil

      Each letter to Stephen detailed a specific case, giving insights on the patient's mental illness as well as outlining the method of treatment and the response. All cases are told without the use of medical language. Most include humor of some sort and seem to have a common-sense approach of dealing with each patient.

      While Dr. Jane did not have the amassed information of mental illnesses available today to help her deal with patients, she did have a no-nonsense approach to people.

      One case study mentioned in "Letters to Doctor Jane" details "Cordelia," a woman who firmly believed she was an alligator. The woman told of her condition and fate to anyone who would listen - how she would be forced to live her life in the institution, never to see her children again, living out her life as an alligator.

      Dr. Jane wrote:

      "On a Saturday afternoon we met suddenly as she made a turn into the hall. Cordelia put on her act, moaning and wailing, with tears in her voice and her facial expression between a smile and weeping (no tears), saying 'Oh, Dr. Jane, isn't it too bad -'

      'Why, Cordelia, what has happened,' I asked. 'What can be the matter?'

      "Half sobbing through her smiles, she said, 'Oh, it is too bad. My children are coming tomorrow and they won't know me.'

      "Spontaneously, as if it were an inspiration straight from Heaven, I replied joyously and with great animation, 'Why, Cordelia, haven't you heard - didn't the nurse tell you?'

      'No, tell me what?'

      'It's the most wonderful thing, Cordelia, your children will know you!'

      'Oh, no, how can they? I'm an alligator and they can't know me.'

      'But didn't you hear? All your children have turned into little alligators, and little alligators always know their mother.'

      'Oh, no! You know that's impossible. They couldn't turn into alligators,' she pleaded.

      'Oh yes, they can - and have - and they will know you all right.'"

      Dr. Jane said the conversation between doctor and patient went on for about 15 minutes, with Cordelia's argument weakening.

      The next day when the woman's children came and recognized their mother, it was the last time Cordelia mentioned being an alligator.

      Such an unorthodox remedy may seem improbable, but dealing with mental patients in a time before the myriad of pharmaceutical remedies available today was just that - unorthodox, steering through uncharted waters.

      Dr. Jane wrote to her nephew, "Mental illness is usually not a disturbance of the intelligence or intellect, but rather an emotional disturbance."

      Dealing with those disturbances became Dr. Jane's life work, as she practiced medicine for more than 55 years - 35 of those spent dealing with mental patients.

      After her retirement, she moved to Bloomington, Indiana, where she passed away in 1969, she was 90.
    • First Women at the University of Missouri School of Medicine
      The University of Missouri School of Medicine was the first publicly supported medical school west of the Mississippi River. Organized as a two-year school in 1872, the program expanded to 3 years in 1891 and then to 4 years in 1892. The University of Missouri School of Medicine began accepting women as students in 1897. Many women attended the school, though only a hand-full completed the four-year medical degree between 1900 and 1908, when the school reverted to a two-year “half-school” curriculum. In 1957 the School re-established the four-year medical degree program.
      The first woman to graduate from the University of Missouri with a medical degree was Anna B. Searcy in 1900. She was followed by Jane E. Dunaway in 1905, Grace Scholz and Ruth Seevers in 1906, and Lake Brewer in 1908.
      Dunaway, born in 1879 near Stockton, Missouri, taught in rural schools for four years to save up the money to attend the University of Missouri School of Medicine. She practiced general medicine for several years in Oklahoma and Puerto Rico, then switched to specializing in the treatment of emotionally and mentally disturbed patients. She worked for a time at the State Mental Hospital in St. Joseph, Missouri, before moving to the Warren State Mental Hospital in Pennsylvania. Dunaway practiced in mental hospitals and sanatoriums in Pennsylvania until her retirement in 1960.
      http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/mowihsp/bios/mizzou.htm
    • Medical School
      http://trees.ancestry.com/rd?f=document&guid=5c80c939-278d-450d-b167-a18cba2d1ceb&tid=10578216&pid=6002
    Person ID  I1250  Keith and Kay's
    Last Modified  28 Jan 2013 

    Father  Dunaway, William Franklin 'Ben',   b. 10 Oct 1843, Dade County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1926, El Dorado Springs, Cedar, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Allder, Lucy Jane,   b. 2 Aug 1848, Christian, Kentucky Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1939 
    Married  20 Oct 1867  Dade County, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID  2AF15E14A293477BBCF57DCA9F8611DF916B 
    Histories
    Brothers & Sisters
    Brothers & Sisters
    Dunaway
    Family ID  F380  Group Sheet

    _UID  5BE4DEC6773A47D2BC842E12B00105CEB1FD 
    Children 
    >1. Carlson, Daniel L.,   b. 7 Jul 1907, Puerto Rico Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Aug 1956, Bronx, Bronx, New York Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F2857  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 17 Jan 1879 - Cedar County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1880 - Cedar County, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1903 - Columbia, Boone, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsGraduation - 1905 - Columbia, Boone, Missouri Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1930 - Conewango, Warren, Pennsylvania Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Jun 1970 - Bloomington, Monroe, Indiana Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Histories
    Time for Bling
    Time for Bling
    Jane Dunaway's pocket watch.


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